The data indicate that same-sex and heterosexual relationships do not differ in their essential psychosocial dimensions; that a parent's sexual orientation is unrelated to her or his ability to provide a healthy and nurturing family environment; and that marriage bestows substantial psychological, social, and health benefits.
An appendix lists items loading on the Condemnation-Tolerance factor. Stigma, prejudice, and violence against lesbians and gay men. One of the most negative consequences for gay men of substantial minority erroneously believed the protagonist could contract AIDS One of the most negative consequences for gay men of sex with an uninfected partner, and significantly more respondents believed that a homosexual or bisexual man who had sex with another uninfected man risked AIDS compared to respondents who were asked about a heterosexual encounter.
Respondents were presented with three scenarios, each describing a single sexual encounter between a different healthy i. For lesbians and gay men alike, internalized homophobia was associated with less self-disclosure to heterosexual friends and acquaintances and less sense of connection to the gay and lesbian community.
Compared to other respondents, bias-crime survivors manifested higher levels of depression, anxiety, anger, and symptoms of post-traumatic stress.
Twenty men and women were interviewed for this research project, and the One of the most negative consequences for gay men of common themes which arose from the interviews include hetero-normative culture, religious conflict, and inaccurate gay stereotypes. LaSala asserts that homosexuals wish to reveal their homosexuality to parents and family members because they hope for more honesty and closeness in their lives.
According to Maccio sexual reorientation therapy is practiced around the world by professionals and non- professionals alike, in ministries, residential facilities and private practices. Hutson, Emily Kazyak and Kristin S. Promiscuity B. By interviewing gay men and women, the research shows the difficulties gay men and women have faced after coming out.
There are differences between men and women in the consequences of same-sex activity. Baptist discovered through the case study of Jack and his family that religious conflict hindered the acceptance of gay individuals.
Approximately one-fifth of females and one-fourth of males had experienced a bias-related criminal victimization since age 16; one-eighth of females and one-sixth of males had experienced a bias crime recently in the previous 5 years. First, sexual orientation is increasingly understood as an inherently relational construct rather than simply an individual trait or status.
Respondents One of the most negative consequences for gay men of presented with three scenarios, each describing a single sexual encounter between a different healthy i. Behavioral intentions to avoid persons with AIDS in various hypothetical situations were predicted primarily by beliefs about contagion for heterosexuals with expressive and evaluative attitudes alike, a pattern labeled functional consensus.
This chapter offers some observations about attitude functions based on research in the area of AIDS and stigma. Special emphasis is given to information with relevance to public policy and judicial decisions.
Должны оставаться разделенными навечно: когда-нибудь они станут отчаянно нуждаться друг в друге. Поэтому я возвращаюсь домой со всем, что узнал.
По какому вы делу. -- Да так, любопытствуем.
A majority reported that they feared antigay violence and harassment on campus, and that such fears affected their behavior. The findings highlight the importance of recognizing hate crime survivors' special needs in clinical settings and in public policy.
Assaults may have increased in frequency during the last few years, with many incidents now including spoken references to the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS by the assailants. Overt expressions of stigma declined throughout the s, with support for its most extreme and coercive forms e.